Paraphernalia of Funerary Display at Kaneš

The Hittite royal funerary ritual šalliš waštaiš prescribes gold pieces to be placed on the eyes and mouth of the deceased. This is consistent with the manner in which thin sheets of hammered gold are reported to have been found on the faces of occupants of in-house graves in the Lower Town of Külte...

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Bibliographic Details
Published in:Altorientalische Forschungen
Main Author: Heffron, Yağmur
Format: Electronic Article
Language:English
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Published: De Gruyter 2020
In: Altorientalische Forschungen
Year: 2020, Volume: 47, Issue: 1, Pages: 91-122
Further subjects:B funerary display
B text and artefact
B Anatolian religion
B grave wealth
B Transmission
B cultural continuity
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Summary:The Hittite royal funerary ritual šalliš waštaiš prescribes gold pieces to be placed on the eyes and mouth of the deceased. This is consistent with the manner in which thin sheets of hammered gold are reported to have been found on the faces of occupants of in-house graves in the Lower Town of Kültepe, ancient Kaneš. Mouth-pieces of unmistakable similarity have also turned up in great numbers in Late Bronze Age graves on Cyprus, most notably at Enkomi. Beyond comparison with the šalliš waštaiš text, gold eye- and mouth-pieces from Kaneš have received little attention. This contribution offers the first comprehensive study of these objects specifically as a class of funerary paraphernalia. It provides a catalogue and typology of gold sheets, and explores their archaeological context before turning to their social and symbolic significance against the backdrop of the cosmopolitan Kanešean households. The discussion considers hybridity in terms of a compatibility between funerary practices across different cultural settings, also noting chronological implications.
ISSN:2196-6761
Contains:Enthalten in: Altorientalische Forschungen
Persistent identifiers:DOI: 10.1515/aofo-2020-0006