Francisco Suárez, between Modernity and Tradition

The article pursues two lines of investigation. The first line of investigation is historical in nature and considers the relation between the philosophy of Suárez and Philosophical Augustinianism: in particular his relation with Henry of Ghent and Duns Scotus. This section concludes that this influ...

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Subtitles: Francisco Suárez, entre modernidad y tradición
Main Authors: Prieto López, Leopoldo José 1964- (Author); Villagrasa Lasaga, Jesús 1963- (Author); Advani, Sameer (Author)
Format: Electronic Article
Language: English
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Published: [2017]
In: Cauriensia
Year: 2017, Volume: 12, Pages: 63-92
Further subjects: B sustancia y accidentes
B substance and accident
B Enrique de Gante
B matter and form
B Descartes
B agustinismo filosófico
B material y forma
B Duns Scotus
B acto y potencia
B act and potency
B Duns Escoto
B esencia y esse (acto de ser)
B philosophical Augustinianism
B essence and esse (act of being)
B Henry of Ghent
B Kant
Online Access: Volltext
Summary: The article pursues two lines of investigation. The first line of investigation is historical in nature and considers the relation between the philosophy of Suárez and Philosophical Augustinianism: in particular his relation with Henry of Ghent and Duns Scotus. This section concludes that this influence is the main explanation for the differrences between Suárez and Thomas Aquinas. In fact, insofar as Suárez accepts certain influences from Philosophical Augustinianism, which was the main inspiration of the 1277 condemnation of Aquinas in Paris, he puts himself at odds with Thomas. The second line of investigation considers some aspects of the philosophical system he works out in the Disputationes metaphysicae, concluding that: 1) his concept of physical substance is virtually akin to what Descartes will call res extensa; 2) his concept of accident paves the way for a certain strand of modern phenomenism; 3) his actualist theory of being, by denying the existence of potency, and therewith the real distinction between essence and esse, paves the way for the rationalist reduction of being to essence alone, and of essence to the status of an objective concept or, to put it another way, to rational objectivity.
El artículo presenta dos líneas de investigación. La primera, de naturaleza histórica, considera la relación de la filosofía de Suárez con el agustinismo filosófico, en particular con Enrique de Gante y Duns Escoto. Esta sección concluye afirmando que este influjo es la principal causa de las diferencias entre Suárez y Tomás de Aquino. En efecto, en la medida que Suárez acepta determinados conceptos del agustinismo filosófico, que fue el principal inspirador de la condena parisina del Aquinate en 1277, se pone en desacuerdo con Tomás de Aquino. La segunda línea de investigación estudia algunos aspectos del sistema filosófico desarrollado en las Disputationes metaphysicae, concluyendo que: 1) su concepto de sustancia material se asemeja a lo que Descartes llamará posteriormente res extensa; 2) su concepto de accidente abre el camino de un cierto fenomenismo moderno; 3) su teoría actualista del ser, al negar la existencia de la potencia y, por lo tanto, la distinción real entre la esencia y el esse, posibilita la reducción racionalista del ser a esencia, así como la reducción de la esencia al estado de un concepto objetivo o, para decirlo en otros términos, a la objetividad racional.
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ISSN: 2340-4256