Some Dated Greek Inscriptions from Maresha

The paper discusses two pairs of dated Greek inscriptions painted on the walls of Tomb I in Maresha, originally published by John Peters and Hermann Thiersch. A critical look at their findings is afforded by the 2007 publication of the photographs taken by Chalil Raad for the Peters and Thiersch exp...

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Bibliographic Details
Published in:Palestine exploration quarterly
Main Author: Gera, Dov (Author)
Format: Electronic Article
Language:English
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Published: [2017]
In:Palestine exploration quarterly
Year: 2017, Volume: 149, Issue: 3, Pages: 201-222
Further subjects:B Pompey
B INSCRIPTIONS
B Seleucid era
B wall paintings
B Numismatics
B Aulus Gabinius
Online Access: Volltext (Resolving-System)
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Summary:The paper discusses two pairs of dated Greek inscriptions painted on the walls of Tomb I in Maresha, originally published by John Peters and Hermann Thiersch. A critical look at their findings is afforded by the 2007 publication of the photographs taken by Chalil Raad for the Peters and Thiersch expedition of 1902. It is argued that the inscription considered by Thiersch to be the earliest inscription in Tomb I, and dated by him to 196 BCE, should be dated more than half a century later, to 141 BCE. This inscription was painted over a section of the northern wall of the Animal Frieze, and should be considered together with another inscription painted over the southern wall of the frieze, which was written a few months earlier. Both these inscriptions furnish a later terminus ante quem for the famous Maresha murals in Tomb I, and raise new possibilities for the dating of the famous Maresha wall paintings. While the first pair of inscriptions were dated by the Seleucid era, another pair of dated Greek inscriptions also painted over the Animal Frieze employ an unknown era. It has been suggested that they were painted in the very last years of Ptolemaic rule in Palestine. However, Raad's photographs show these inscriptions to be comparatively late, and it is suggested that they were painted towards the middle of the first century BCE, when a new era was inaugurated in Maresha under the auspices of a Roman governor of Syria, Aulus Gabinius.
ISSN:1743-1301
Contains:Enthalten in: Palestine exploration quarterly
Persistent identifiers:DOI: 10.1080/00310328.2017.1310575