"The Jenny and the Colt" in Matthew's Messianic Entry, Part 1: Matthew 21:5 as a Reading of Zechariah 9:9 in Light of Mark 11:1-10

The presence of a female donkey (a "jenny") in Matthew's account of the triumphal entry (Matt 21:1-9) has been perplexing because her presence is not mentioned in either of Matthew's sources, Mark 11:1-10 and Zech 9:9. Some scholars hold that the jenny comes from another traditio...

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Bibliographic Details
Published in:The catholic biblical quarterly
Main Author: Carlson, Stephen C. 1968-
Format: Electronic Article
Language:English
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Published: Catholic Biblical Association of America [2019]
In: The catholic biblical quarterly
Year: 2019, Volume: 81, Issue: 1, Pages: 62-84
Standardized Subjects / Keyword chains:B Bible. Matthäusevangelium 21,5 / Eselin / Young animals / Ass / Bible. Sacharja 9,9 / Bible. Markusevangelium 11,1-10
IxTheo Classification:HB Old Testament
HC New Testament
Further subjects:B ZECHARIAH (Biblical prophet)
B Bible. Matthew
B the colt of a jenny
B Triumphal Entry
B Bible. Old Testament
B Zechariah 9:9
B Hebrew parallelism
B PROPHECY; Christianity
B PSYCHOPHYSICAL parallelism
B Matthew 21:5
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Summary:The presence of a female donkey (a "jenny") in Matthew's account of the triumphal entry (Matt 21:1-9) has been perplexing because her presence is not mentioned in either of Matthew's sources, Mark 11:1-10 and Zech 9:9. Some scholars hold that the jenny comes from another tradition, but this does not make her presence a fulfillment of the prophecy. Others hold that Matthew broke the parallelism of Zech 9:9, where the humble Messiah is to ride into Jerusalem "on a (male) donkey, and on a colt," but this too does not account for a female donkey at the scene. In this article, I argue for a plenary reading of the Hebrew prophecy where Matthew sees the presence of the jenny fulfilled in Zechariah's characterization of the colt as a "son of jennies."
ISSN:2163-2529
Contains:Enthalten in: The catholic biblical quarterly
Persistent identifiers:DOI: 10.1353/cbq.2019.0051